Will France Hand Over Chinese Religious Refugees to Their Persecutors? Appeal to President Macron

Editor’s Note: It is learned that The Church of Almighty God (CAG) has long been one of the house churches under most severe persecution from the Chinese Communist government. With the Chinese authorities’ persecution of religious belief escalating constantly, there are CAG Christians forced to flee overseas in recent years. However, European countries refuse to grant these Christians political asylum, denying the persecution they have faced throughout the years, and thus putting a large number of Christians in danger of repatriation. Currently, the situation in France is particularly serious: of 442 asylum applicants, 335 were rejected, including 156 having received the removal order. In this regard, five international NGOs, including the Coordination of Associations and Individuals for the Freedom of Conscience (CAP LC), Human Rights Without Frontiers (HRWF), the Center for Studies on New Religions (CESNUR), European Interreligious Forum for Religious Freedom (EIFRF) and International Observatory of Religious Liberty of Refugees (ORLIR), and six international scholars jointly appeal to the French President to protect the freedom and life of these Christians—prohibit the handing over of victims to Chinese authorities, their persecutors. The following is the appeal letter to President Macron from scholars and International NGOs.



Mr President,

In France, 335 Chinese citizens who are members of The Church of Almighty God (CAG), one of the largest new religious movements in China, have been denied asylum. 156 of them have received a departure order and are now under threat of deportation. Only six applications for asylum have been accepted.

We have been studying the situation of the CAG for several years and we are morally sure that once they are extradited back to China, the CAG members living currently in France will be immediately arrested, tortured and detained for several years. *

The Chinese government considers the CAG « an heterodox belief system » (xie jiao), and article 300 of the Chinese Criminal Code provides prison terms of three to seven years or more for those who « use » a xie jiao – the jurisprudence interprets this as active membership in such movements. The CAG also denounced cases of torture and suspicious deaths in prisons. 

The Chinese government accuses the CAG of several crimes but the scholars who have studied these issues have concluded that it is pure propaganda. A French brochure published by the DIDR (the Research and Documentation Branch of the  Refugee Office) in 2016 echoed one of these accusations. Four well-known scholars wrote to the DIDR in February to ask for an update of this brochure, published before the CAG started being the object of significant scientific research.

The issue is not purely academic but it is a human rights issue. It is about the protection of the freedom and the life of people who have already suffered a lot and who expect from France the protection they are entitled to. 

We call upon you, Mr President, upon the relevant French authorities and upon all the friends of human rights to prohibit the handing over of victims to their persecutors.

Paris, 10 March 2018


CAP-LC Coordination des associations et des particuliers pour la liberté de conscience

HRWF Human Rights Without Frontiers/ Droits de l’homme sans frontières (Brussels)

EIFRF European Interreligious Forum for Religious Freedom

CESNUR Center for Studies on New Religions

ORLIR International Observatory of Religious Freedom of Refugees


Marie Holzman – Sinologist, president of the « Association Solidarité Chine »

Bernadette Rigal-Cellard – University Bordeaux Montaigne

Massimo Introvigne – Center for Studies on New Religions, Torino, Italy

Holly Folk – Western Washington University

Susan Palmer – University Concordia and McGill University, Montreal

Jean-Luc Marin-Lagardette – Journalist and essayist

Source: HRWF